What are Enzymes?
Enzymes are energised protein molecules. Essential to the human body’s life force, Enzymes naturally occurring and are involved in every function of the body. For Vitamins, Minerals and Hormones to function properly, Enzymes are a must! As life cannot exist without Enzymes, individuals who are enzyme deficient are highly prone to physical problems, diseases and degeneration. Studies have shown that a decreased enzyme level results to a number of chronic ailments, such as arthritis, diabetes, alleges, skin disease, cancer, immune deficiencies and much more.
How do Enzymes work?
There are literally thousands of enzymes found within each cell, as well as individual body systems, such as the digestive system. Each enzyme has a highly specific function that relys on certain The Body’s Enzymes.
The human body makes many different digestive enzymes. The digestion of food takes place in stages: beginning in the mouth then moving to the stomach, and finally into the small intestine. When food enters the upper portion of the small intestine, the pancreas provides pancreatic enzymes to further break down the food. At each step, specific enzymes break down different types of food. Final breakdown of remaining small molecules of food occurs in the lower small intestine conditions in order to successfully operate.
Enzymes & Cooked Food.
The enzymes naturally present in food play an important role in digestion by helping to predigest the ingested food in the upper stomach. Cooking and processing destroys the natural enzymes found in foods. This places the full digestive burden on the body, which can cause extra stress on the digestive system, leading to incomplete digestion. As a result, vital nutrients may not be released from the food for assimilation by the body.
Supplementing with Enzymes & the results.
Raw foods such as fruits and vegetables are excellent sources of enzymes, but these enzymes are destroyed when the food is processed, canned, or cooked. The modern diet consists of predominantly enzyme-deficient cooked foods. Supplementation with enzymes replaces those lost in cooking, and enhances the enzymes found in raw foods. Naturally-occurring food enzymes and supplemental enzymes begin the process of digestion earlier in the digestive tract. In the absence of supplemental enzymes, the bulk of digestion occurs in the small intestine. The chance of undigested food entering the colon is increased.
Incomplete digestion of food gives colon bacteria the opportunity to feed, producing gas and toxins that can leave people feeling uncomfortable and even sick. Nearly every person can benefit from supplementation with enzymes. People may improve their absorption and utilization of nutrients through the use of digestive enzymes. Of course the benefits will vary, depending upon the individual’s diet and general health. Individuals in good health can expect to notice less fullness after meals, increased energy, faster emptying of the stomach contents, decreased gas, and regular bowel habits.
Frequently asked questions
Lifzyme enzymes can help with the following:
- Break up cholesterol deposits
- Increase energy, reduce fatigue
- Reduce bacteria and yeast
- Increase white blood
- Improve digestion
- Normalise sugar level
- Eliminate toxins
- Anti-oxidant (slow aging process)
- Relief heart burn, acid reflux, GERD
- Improve bowel movements
- Purify blood
- Tonic to kidney, lung and liver
Enzymes are the most important health product a person can take. A person not taking any enzymes will age faster as they use up their own enzyme reserves and more of the body’s energy to help with digestion. Enzyme supplements help conserve the human body’s enzyme reserves, and without enzyme supplements, the protectors and repairers of the human body can be called into action to help digest food and to clean up the undigested food particles in the bloodstream. Instead of cleaning up the blood, the protectors and repairers get distracted and start helping in digesting food, instead of cleaning the bloodstream.
Lifzyme enzyme supplements can reduce the burden on the body’s natural curative powers, thus allowing the body to perform its natural and healing functions.
Yes, according the Dr. Howell: “Enzymes are a true yardstick of vitality. Enzymes offer an important means of calculating the vital energy of an organism.” Enzymes are the key factor that determines the effectiveness of how our body functions. Therefore, ample supply of enzymes is strongly encouraged.
A great enzyme product should be designed to improve digestion of foods and to help clean up blood. They should be:
- Completely plant-based enzymes
- Include all the necessary co-factors eg, Probiotics
- No artificial colours, flavours, additives, stimulants
- Reputable lab tests done to ensure safe for consumption
- GMP certified
If you know your body is sensitive to most products, start out slow with enzyme supplements. Take them with meals for a week or so, to allow our body to get used to the products and better digestion.
Digestive enzymes help break down food into smaller particles. The human body naturally makes Digestive enzymes, but the body often does not produce enough enzymes (or the complete spectrum) required for proper digestion. When this is the case, supplemental enzymes can help.
No matter what specific foods we eat, our diets are composed of protein, fat, and carbohydrates. Digestive enzymes break down protein, carbohydrates, and fats into progressively smaller components. Enzyme supplements normally contain amylase, protease, and lipase. Cellulase, lactase, malt diastase, invertase (sucrase), glucoamylase, bromelain, and papain may also be included in digestive products. These enzymes increase the level of digestion in the stomach, increasing the amount of food broken down. Therefore less undigested food is passed into the colon, and food nutrients are more available for absorption.
3 Primary Categories
Digesting different types of food require different kinds of enzymes. There are three basic groups, or categories of enzymes that help digest fats, proteins and carbohydrates:
- Break down fats such as those found in olive oil, fish oil, cooking oils, butter, cheese, and meat.
- Break down protein found in meats, nuts, cheese and grains such as whole wheat.
- Break down starches, polysaccharides, sugars, and fiber as are found in fruits, vegetables, grains, and snack foods.
The belief that stomach pH destroys all supplemental enzymes is erroneous. Food often remains in the upper region of the stomach for as long as an hour. Much of the digestive activity of supplemental enzymes occurs during this time before food becomes mixed with the digestive secretions. While the pH of these digestive secretions is quite low (pH 1.0 – 1.5), when mixed with food, the pH of the mixture can typically range from pH 2.5 – 5.0. In this environment, microbial enzymes are not harmed; in fact, many function optimally under these conditions.
Enzymes are best measured not by their weight but by the work they are capable of doing. This is usually expressed in some form of activity unit as a measure of potency. Many enzymes can be assayed using methods that are internationally recognized. Use of these recognized assay procedures ensures that the methodology utilized can be reproduced to verify accuracy and legitimacy of the assay. Most microbial and plant enzymes used in dietary supplements are measured according to Food Chemicals Codex (FCC) assays.
Enzymes, how old is their use?…. The word enzyme comes from the Middle Greek word enzymos meaning leavened. Enzyme therapy has been around for centuries, although people didn’t know that enzymes were what made the therapy work.
In South America, native Indians used papaya leaf to support digestion and promote healing.
In the Bible (2 Kings 20:7), figs were recommended for boils. Figs contain the enzyme ficin, which is still used today in supplements and skin gels.
In the Far East ,the use of molds or fungus called koji is traditional in the production of certain foods and flavorings such as soy sauce and miso. Natto is a food eaten by the Japanese for hundreds of years. It’s produced by the fermentation of soybeans. The enzyme found in natto has been named nattokinase. In 1894, Dr. Jokichi Takamine filed patent applications for Taka koji from Aspergillus oryzae. This is the fungus used in making sake.
In the early 1900’s, John Beard experimented with juices extracted from animal pancreases and the effects on cancer tumors. In 1926, Dr. James B. Sumner determined that enzymes are proteins. From 1932 to 1942, Dr. Francis Pottenger conducted experiments on the effects of cooked foods fed to cats. They were compared to cats fed raw food only. The cats fed the cooked foods developed diseases such as arthritis and diabetes. He concluded the raw foods contained some substance, which was destroyed by cooking, and this substance had nutritional benefit.
In 1940, Dr. Edward Howell began investigating the connection of chronic degenerative disease and severe enzyme deficiency. He wrote two books: Enzyme Nutrition andFood Enzymes for Health and Longevity.
In the 1930’s and 1940’s, Dr. Max Gerson discovered the importance of organically grown whole foods. He found raw fruits and vegetables were the healthiest and concluded that 80% of all disease could be extinguished by eliminating canned, frozen and processed foods from the diet.
In 1963, William Kelley D.D.S. rediscovered the connection between pancreaticenzymes and cancer remission.
What are liver enzymes? They’re proteins that help speed up a chemical reaction in the liver. Blood tests, called liver function tests, are used to evaluate various functions in the liver. Examples of these functions are metabolism, filtration and excretion and storage, which are often performed by liver enzymes. But not all liver function tests measure enzyme function.
Liver enzymes are found in normal plasma and serum and can be divided into different groups.
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST or SGOT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT or SGPT). Together these enzymes are known as transaminases.
- Alkaline phosphatase (AP) and gammaglutamyl transferase (GGT) are known as cholestatic liver enzymes. If these enzymes are elevated it can indicate the presence of liver disease.
- Secretory enzymes are enzymes made in the liver and allocated to the blood plasma. Their role is physiological, for example, enzymes involved in blood clotting (AC globulin) or cholinesterase, which catalyzes the hydrolysis of acetylcholine. Damage to the liver will reduce their synthesis leading to a decrease in their enzyme activity.
There are enzymes that enter into the blood from the tissues to perform intracellular functions. Some of the enzymes are in the cell cytosol, such as ALT, AST and LDH, and others are in the cell mitochondria, such as GGT and AP. Any damage to the liver will cause the enzymes from the cells to enter the blood and their activity will increase. Amounts of ALT and AST are the greatest diagnostic value. In parenchymatous hepatitis serum transaminase ALT increases, sometimes 100 times or more and AST to a lesser extent. In addition to the liver, AST enzymes can be found in the heart, muscle, brain and kidney and is released into blood serum when these tissues become damaged. For example, a heart attack or muscle disorders will increase AST serum levels. Because of this AST isn’t necessarily an indicator of liver damage.ALT is almost specifically found in the liver. After liver injury it’s released into the bloodstream and therefore can be used as a fairly specific indicator of liver function.
It’s common for high levels of AST and ALT in the liver to damage numerous liver cells, called hepatic necrosis and can lead to death of the cells. The higher the ALT levels the greater the amount of cell death. Despite this ALT’s aren’t always a good indicator of how well the liver is functioning. Only a liver biopsy can reveal this. Diseases that can cause increased levels of liver enzymes AST and ALT are acute viral hepatitis A or B, as well as toxins caused by acetaminophen overdose,or a prolonged collapse of the circulatory system, which is called shock. It deprives the liver of fresh blood that brings oxygen and nutrients. Transaminase levels can be 10 times the upper limit.
Sometimes elevated liver enzymes can be found in otherwise healthy individuals. In such cases they’re usually found to be twice the upper limit. Fatty liver is a common problem causing elevated liver enzymes. In the United States and other countries in the world the most frequent causes of fatty liver are alcohol and drug abuse, obesity, diabetes, and sometimes chronic hepatitis C.
Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme that’s produced in the bile ducts, kidney, intestines, placenta and the bone. If this enzyme is high and ALT and AST levels are pretty normal there could be a problem with the bile duct such as an obstruction. Some bone disorders may also cause alkaline phosphatase levels to increase. If there is an elevation of alkaline phosphatase it could also indicate there is an injury to the biliary cells. This could be due to gallstones or certain medications. Under normal circumstances the enzyme is mainly allocated to the bile, but if pathology exists the norm is disturbed and the enzyme increases in blood plasma.
GGT is another enzyme that’s produced in the bile ducts and can become elevated if there is a problem with the bile ducts. High levels of GGT and AP indicate a possible blockage of the bile ducts or a possible injury or inflammation of the bile ducts. This problem is characterized by an impairment or failure of bile flow and is known as cholestasis and the term refers to bile duct blockage or injury within the liver. As a rule, intrahepatic cholestasis will occur in individuals with primary biliary cirrhosis or liver cancer. The term extrahepatic cholestasis refers to bile duct blockage or injury outside of the liver and may occur in individuals with gallstones.GGT and AP can seep out of the liver and into the bloodstream, but only with blockage or inflammation of the bile ducts. The enzymes will be about ten times the upper normal limit.Unlike AP, GGT is found predominantly in the liver. Taking this into account, GGT is a sensitive marker of alcohol ingestion and certain hepatotoxic (liver toxic) drugs, where is can be elevated without AP elevation. It’s unclear why, but cigarette smokers have a higher GGT and AP levels than nonsmokers. When testing levels of AP and GGT the levels will be most accurate after a 12 hour fast.
Normal levels of alkaline phosphatase range from 35 to 115 IU/Liter and the normal levels of GGT range from 3 to 60 IU/Liter. Causes of elevated AP and GGT are:
- Alcoholic liver disease
- Primary biliary cirrhosis
- Liver tumors
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
- Primary sclerosing cholangitis
- Drugs that are used to treat liver disease